In this post I’m looking at decoration on the most basic of day boats, the ‘open’ wooden or ‘open’ iron boat.
Open Boat Decoration
The conventions dictating a ‘open’ day boat’s colour scheme would have been fairly standard throughout, with the paint scheme used to 1). identify the boat and 2). protect the hull from the elements. The boat’s painted decoration therefore having a totally utilitarian rather than aesthetic function.
The exterior of the hull would have been painted in whatever oil-based paint or pitch the yard had at hand, it’s function simply to protect the wood or metal and to ensure that the life of the boat was sufficient to make a return on the company’s investment.
In addition some companies who owned wooden boats might use red oxide, or what was called common blue to paint the vertical sheering in the hold. Common blue was created by dissolving early ‘blue-whitener’ washing tablets such as Reckitt’s Blue into white lead paint. On wooden boats, where the sheering wasn’t painted, often the lining board or top inner plank that ran horizontally beneath the gunnels was painted in red oxide. Cross timbers or stretchers tended to be left unpainted.
Given that both wooden and iron ‘open’ day boats had no foredeck, and no top cloths (with their associated equipment of masts, stands and planks) all other decoration, used to help a steerer identify an individual boat, was confined to the top bends or top planks at the bow and stern, often described as the fore end and the shoulders of the boat.
Fore end and shoulder designs were commonly painted onto bright red panels utilising the whole width of the top plank/top bend with a symbol or writing placed in the middle of the colour block. The colour panel would often be finished off with yellow or white crescents, with the convex side facing to the front (in the case of the fore end) or the back (in the case of the shoulders) of the boat.
The vast majority of companies plying their trade on the BCN would have a design, a symbol for their company if you like, made up from a combination of 2-D shapes such as circles, crescents and diamonds, sometimes quartered in contrasting colours.
Simplicity, impact and ease of recognition were the bye-word, with the most common design (used by a number of companies including Stewart & Lloyds and the Wilfruna Coal Company) being variations on the theme of a single white diamond painted on a red ground.
Use was also made of company trademarks and trade symbols to create, in effect, a visual coded message for steerers who, often unable to read, would use the symbols to speedily, and with some certainty, identify which boat belonged to which company.
The symbolic designs, taken alongside the boat’s BCN gauging number, and any name or number provided by the company, allowed individual boats to be identified.
The shoulders tended to carry the boat’s own name or number, put on a similarly coloured panel to that found on the fore end. The lettering would most often be white or cream with shading in a strongly contrasting colour or two-tone colour.
Next time we’ll take a look at how the sides of cabin boats were used to help identify boats.